Most pregnancies are normal. But about 3-4% are not.
Reproductive Genetics is the assessment & diagnosis of genetic disorders affecting pregnancies or fetuses (unborn children) & newborn babies. For Reproductive Genetics, Lilac Insights is by far the market leader in India, not only in terms of the number of tests conducted but more importantly in quality benchmarking & international guideline compliance as well.
Genetic diseases are either passed on from parent to child, called inherited disorders or may occur spontaneously during conception, i.e. when the sperm fertilizes the egg without any previous family history. As genetic diseases are not treatable, the science & medicine of detecting genetic diseases in parents, pregnant mothers, unborn & newborn babies for preventive & management purposes is called Reproductive Genetic Assessment & Diagnosis.
There are several benefits of Reproductive Genetic Assessment & Diagnosis. A key factor is to prevent suffering & trauma by preempting & preventing the loss of life as children born serious genetic disorders may not survive to grow into healthy adults. In such cases, when the fetus is carrying a life threatening disorder, parents can safely choose to terminate the pregnancy & try again. In other cases, if the child does survive, the suffering & medical costs which the affected individual & the families bear in dealing with non-curable genetic disorders is immense.
One can say the key purpose of Reproductive Genetics is to allow parents to know beforehand whether their unborn child is affected by a genetic disorder or not, giving them the power to determine the course of the pregnancy & the future of their unborn child & family. The families can also be better prepared: mentally, emotionally & financially for the birth of a child that would require special care & treatment.
There are broadly three stages where Reproductive Genetics is applicable:
- Before Conception: prospective parents can get screened for genetic disorders before they conceive. Mostly, the screenings are applicable to women only with the exception of Thalassemia Screening, which men may require too.
- After Conception or During Pregnancy BUT Before Birth: irrespective of family history women who have conceived are recommended to undergo testing for commonly occurring genetic disorders or what are commonly known as Prenatal Screenings.
- After Birth or Newborn Screenings: as some metabolic disorders in fetuses cannot be detected during pregnancy & can only be checked for once the child is born, newborn babies are normally tested within a few days of birth.
Lilac Insights currently offers Thalassemia Carrier Screening as a preconception screening. While Thalassemia can also be screened for during pregnancy, screening before conception is preferred. For more details, you may see our Thalassemia Screening offering.
World over doctors & patients commonly refer to these screenings as Prenatal Screenings.
For a more detailed understanding of the entire offering, you may visit our Prenatal Screenings services.
To know more about Thalassemia Screening
To know more about NIPT.
To know more about Prenatal Screening .
To know more about Newborn Screening .